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$Id: id3v2.4.0-frames.txt,v 1.1 2003/07/27 18:28:34 id3 Exp $

Informal standard                                             M. Nilsson
Document: id3v2.4.0-frames.txt                         1st November 2000


                  ID3 tag version 2.4.0 - Native Frames

Status of this document

   This document is an informal standard and replaces the ID3v2.3.0
   standard [ID3v2]. A formal standard will use another revision number
   even if the content is identical to document. The contents in this
   document may change for clarifications but never for added or altered
   functionallity.

   Distribution of this document is unlimited.


Abstract

   This document describes the frames natively supported by ID3v2.4.0,
   which is a revised version of the ID3v2 informal standard [ID3v2.3.0]
   version 2.3.0. The ID3v2 offers a flexible way of storing audio meta
   information within audio file itself. The information may be
   technical information, such as equalisation curves, as well as title,
   performer, copyright etc.

   ID3v2.4.0 is meant to be as close as possible to ID3v2.3.0 in order
   to allow for implementations to be revised as easily as possible.


1.   Table of contents

   2.   Conventions in this document
   3.   Default flags
   4.   Declared ID3v2 frames
     4.1.   Unique file identifier
     4.2.   Text information frames
       4.2.1.   Identification frames
       4.2.2.   Involved persons frames
       4.2.3.   Derived and subjective properties frames
       4.2.4.   Rights and license frames
       4.2.5.   Other text frames
       4.2.6.   User defined text information frame
     4.3.   URL link frames
       4.3.1.   URL link frames - details
       4.3.2.   User defined URL link frame
     4.4.   Music CD Identifier
     4.5.   Event timing codes
     4.6.   MPEG location lookup table
     4.7.   Synced tempo codes
     4.8.   Unsynchronised lyrics/text transcription
     4.9.  Synchronised lyrics/text
     4.10.  Comments
     4.11.  Relative volume adjustment (2)
     4.12.  Equalisation (2)
     4.13.  Reverb
     4.14.  Attached picture
     4.15.  General encapsulated object
     4.16.  Play counter
     4.17.  Popularimeter
     4.18.  Recommended buffer size
     4.19.  Audio encryption
     4.20.  Linked information
     4.21.  Position synchronisation frame
     4.22.  Terms of use
     4.23.  Ownership frame
     4.24.  Commercial frame
     4.25.  Encryption method registration
     4.26.  Group identification registration
     4.27.  Private frame
     4.28.  Signature frame
     4.29.  Seek frame
     4.30.  Audio seek point index
   5.   Copyright
   6.   References
   7.   Appendix
     A.   Appendix A - Genre List from ID3v1
   8.   Author's Address


2.   Conventions in this document

   Text within "" is a text string exactly as it appears in a tag.
   Numbers preceded with $ are hexadecimal and numbers preceded with %
   are binary. $xx is used to indicate a byte with unknown content. %x
   is used to indicate a bit with unknown content. The most significant
   bit (MSB) of a byte is called 'bit 7' and the least significant bit
   (LSB) is called 'bit 0'.

   A tag is the whole tag described the ID3v2 main structure document
   [ID3v2-strct]. A frame is a block of information in the tag. The tag
   consists of a header, frames and optional padding. A field is a piece
   of information; one value, a string etc. A numeric string is a string
   that consists of the characters "0123456789" only.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED",  "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [KEYWORDS].


3.   Default flags

   The default settings for the frames described in this document can be
   divided into the following classes. The flags may be set differently
   if found more suitable by the software.

    1. Discarded if tag is altered, discarded if file is altered.

       None.

    2. Discarded if tag is altered, preserved if file is altered.

       None.

    3. Preserved if tag is altered, discarded if file is altered.

       ASPI, AENC, ETCO, EQU2, MLLT, POSS, SEEK, SYLT, SYTC, RVA2, TENC,
       TLEN

    4. Preserved if tag is altered, preserved if file is altered.

       The rest of the frames.


4.   Declared ID3v2 frames

   The following frames are declared in this draft.

  4.19  AENC Audio encryption
  4.14  APIC Attached picture
  4.30  ASPI Audio seek point index

  4.10  COMM Comments
  4.24  COMR Commercial frame

  4.25  ENCR Encryption method registration
  4.12  EQU2 Equalisation (2)
  4.5   ETCO Event timing codes

  4.15  GEOB General encapsulated object
  4.26  GRID Group identification registration

  4.20  LINK Linked information

  4.4   MCDI Music CD identifier
  4.6   MLLT MPEG location lookup table

  4.23  OWNE Ownership frame

  4.27  PRIV Private frame
  4.16  PCNT Play counter
  4.17  POPM Popularimeter
  4.21  POSS Position synchronisation frame

  4.18  RBUF Recommended buffer size
  4.11  RVA2 Relative volume adjustment (2)
  4.13  RVRB Reverb

  4.29  SEEK Seek frame
  4.28  SIGN Signature frame
  4.9   SYLT Synchronised lyric/text
  4.7   SYTC Synchronised tempo codes

  4.2.1 TALB Album/Movie/Show title
  4.2.3 TBPM BPM (beats per minute)
  4.2.2 TCOM Composer
  4.2.3 TCON Content type
  4.2.4 TCOP Copyright message
  4.2.5 TDEN Encoding time
  4.2.5 TDLY Playlist delay
  4.2.5 TDOR Original release time
  4.2.5 TDRC Recording time
  4.2.5 TDRL Release time
  4.2.5 TDTG Tagging time
  4.2.2 TENC Encoded by
  4.2.2 TEXT Lyricist/Text writer
  4.2.3 TFLT File type
  4.2.2 TIPL Involved people list
  4.2.1 TIT1 Content group description
  4.2.1 TIT2 Title/songname/content description
  4.2.1 TIT3 Subtitle/Description refinement
  4.2.3 TKEY Initial key
  4.2.3 TLAN Language(s)
  4.2.3 TLEN Length
  4.2.2 TMCL Musician credits list
  4.2.3 TMED Media type
  4.2.3 TMOO Mood
  4.2.1 TOAL Original album/movie/show title
  4.2.5 TOFN Original filename
  4.2.2 TOLY Original lyricist(s)/text writer(s)
  4.2.2 TOPE Original artist(s)/performer(s)
  4.2.4 TOWN File owner/licensee
  4.2.2 TPE1 Lead performer(s)/Soloist(s)
  4.2.2 TPE2 Band/orchestra/accompaniment
  4.2.2 TPE3 Conductor/performer refinement
  4.2.2 TPE4 Interpreted, remixed, or otherwise modified by
  4.2.1 TPOS Part of a set
  4.2.4 TPRO Produced notice
  4.2.4 TPUB Publisher
  4.2.1 TRCK Track number/Position in set
  4.2.4 TRSN Internet radio station name
  4.2.4 TRSO Internet radio station owner
  4.2.5 TSOA Album sort order
  4.2.5 TSOP Performer sort order
  4.2.5 TSOT Title sort order
  4.2.1 TSRC ISRC (international standard recording code)
  4.2.5 TSSE Software/Hardware and settings used for encoding
  4.2.1 TSST Set subtitle
  4.2.2 TXXX User defined text information frame

  4.1   UFID Unique file identifier
  4.22  USER Terms of use
  4.8   USLT Unsynchronised lyric/text transcription

  4.3.1 WCOM Commercial information
  4.3.1 WCOP Copyright/Legal information
  4.3.1 WOAF Official audio file webpage
  4.3.1 WOAR Official artist/performer webpage
  4.3.1 WOAS Official audio source webpage
  4.3.1 WORS Official Internet radio station homepage
  4.3.1 WPAY Payment
  4.3.1 WPUB Publishers official webpage
  4.3.2 WXXX User defined URL link frame


4.1.   Unique file identifier

   This frame's purpose is to be able to identify the audio file in a
   database, that may provide more information relevant to the content.
   Since standardisation of such a database is beyond this document, all
   UFID frames begin with an 'owner identifier' field. It is a null-
   terminated string with a URL [URL] containing an email address, or a
   link to a location where an email address can be found, that belongs
   to the organisation responsible for this specific database
   implementation. Questions regarding the database should be sent to
   the indicated email address. The URL should not be used for the
   actual database queries. The string
   "http://www.id3.org/dummy/ufid.html" should be used for tests. The
   'Owner identifier' must be non-empty (more than just a termination).
   The 'Owner identifier' is then followed by the actual identifier,
   which may be up to 64 bytes. There may be more than one "UFID" frame
   in a tag, but only one with the same 'Owner identifier'.

     <Header for 'Unique file identifier', ID: "UFID">
     Owner identifier        <text string> $00
     Identifier              <up to 64 bytes binary data>


4.2.   Text information frames

   The text information frames are often the most important frames,
   containing information like artist, album and more. There may only be
   one text information frame of its kind in an tag. All text
   information frames supports multiple strings, stored as a null
   separated list, where null is reperesented by the termination code
   for the charater encoding. All text frame identifiers begin with "T".
   Only text frame identifiers begin with "T", with the exception of the
   "TXXX" frame. All the text information frames have the following
   format:

     <Header for 'Text information frame', ID: "T000" - "TZZZ",
     excluding "TXXX" described in 4.2.6.>
     Text encoding                $xx
     Information                  <text string(s) according to encoding>


4.2.1.   Identification frames

  TIT1
   The 'Content group description' frame is used if the sound belongs to
   a larger category of sounds/music. For example, classical music is
   often sorted in different musical sections (e.g. "Piano Concerto",
   "Weather - Hurricane").

  TIT2
   The 'Title/Songname/Content description' frame is the actual name of
   the piece (e.g. "Adagio", "Hurricane Donna").

  TIT3
   The 'Subtitle/Description refinement' frame is used for information
   directly related to the contents title (e.g. "Op. 16" or "Performed
   live at Wembley").

  TALB
   The 'Album/Movie/Show title' frame is intended for the title of the
   recording (or source of sound) from which the audio in the file is
   taken.

  TOAL
   The 'Original album/movie/show title' frame is intended for the title
   of the original recording (or source of sound), if for example the
   music in the file should be a cover of a previously released song.

  TRCK
   The 'Track number/Position in set' frame is a numeric string
   containing the order number of the audio-file on its original
   recording. This MAY be extended with a "/" character and a numeric
   string containing the total number of tracks/elements on the original
   recording. E.g. "4/9".

  TPOS
   The 'Part of a set' frame is a numeric string that describes which
   part of a set the audio came from. This frame is used if the source
   described in the "TALB" frame is divided into several mediums, e.g. a
   double CD. The value MAY be extended with a "/" character and a
   numeric string containing the total number of parts in the set. E.g.
   "1/2".

  TSST
   The 'Set subtitle' frame is intended for the subtitle of the part of
   a set this track belongs to.

  TSRC
   The 'ISRC' frame should contain the International Standard Recording
   Code [ISRC] (12 characters).


4.2.2.   Involved persons frames

  TPE1
   The 'Lead artist/Lead performer/Soloist/Performing group' is
   used for the main artist.

  TPE2
   The 'Band/Orchestra/Accompaniment' frame is used for additional
   information about the performers in the recording.

  TPE3
   The 'Conductor' frame is used for the name of the conductor.

  TPE4
   The 'Interpreted, remixed, or otherwise modified by' frame contains
   more information about the people behind a remix and similar
   interpretations of another existing piece.

  TOPE
   The 'Original artist/performer' frame is intended for the performer
   of the original recording, if for example the music in the file
   should be a cover of a previously released song.

  TEXT
   The 'Lyricist/Text writer' frame is intended for the writer of the
   text or lyrics in the recording.

  TOLY
   The 'Original lyricist/text writer' frame is intended for the
   text writer of the original recording, if for example the music in
   the file should be a cover of a previously released song.

  TCOM
   The 'Composer' frame is intended for the name of the composer.

  TMCL
   The 'Musician credits list' is intended as a mapping between
   instruments and the musician that played it. Every odd field is an
   instrument and every even is an artist or a comma delimited list of
   artists.

  TIPL
   The 'Involved people list' is very similar to the musician credits
   list, but maps between functions, like producer, and names.

  TENC
   The 'Encoded by' frame contains the name of the person or
   organisation that encoded the audio file. This field may contain a
   copyright message, if the audio file also is copyrighted by the
   encoder.


4.2.3.   Derived and subjective properties frames

  TBPM
   The 'BPM' frame contains the number of beats per minute in the
   main part of the audio. The BPM is an integer and represented as a
   numerical string.

  TLEN
   The 'Length' frame contains the length of the audio file in
   milliseconds, represented as a numeric string.

  TKEY
   The 'Initial key' frame contains the musical key in which the sound
   starts. It is represented as a string with a maximum length of three
   characters. The ground keys are represented with "A","B","C","D","E",
   "F" and "G" and halfkeys represented with "b" and "#". Minor is
   represented as "m", e.g. "Dbm" $00. Off key is represented with an
   "o" only.

  TLAN
   The 'Language' frame should contain the languages of the text or
   lyrics spoken or sung in the audio. The language is represented with
   three characters according to ISO-639-2 [ISO-639-2]. If more than one
   language is used in the text their language codes should follow
   according to the amount of their usage, e.g. "eng" $00 "sve" $00.

  TCON
   The 'Content type', which ID3v1 was stored as a one byte numeric
   value only, is now a string. You may use one or several of the ID3v1
   types as numerical strings, or, since the category list would be
   impossible to maintain with accurate and up to date categories,
   define your own. Example: "21" $00 "Eurodisco" $00

   You may also use any of the following keywords:
   
     RX  Remix
     CR  Cover

  TFLT
   The 'File type' frame indicates which type of audio this tag defines.
   The following types and refinements are defined:

     MIME   MIME type follows
     MPG    MPEG Audio
       /1     MPEG 1/2 layer I
       /2     MPEG 1/2 layer II
       /3     MPEG 1/2 layer III
       /2.5   MPEG 2.5
       /AAC   Advanced audio compression
     VQF    Transform-domain Weighted Interleave Vector Quantisation
     PCM    Pulse Code Modulated audio

   but other types may be used, but not for these types though. This is
   used in a similar way to the predefined types in the "TMED" frame,
   but without parentheses. If this frame is not present audio type is
   assumed to be "MPG".

  TMED
   The 'Media type' frame describes from which media the sound
   originated. This may be a text string or a reference to the
   predefined media types found in the list below. Example:
   "VID/PAL/VHS" $00.

    DIG    Other digital media
      /A    Analogue transfer from media

    ANA    Other analogue media
      /WAC  Wax cylinder
      /8CA  8-track tape cassette

    CD     CD
      /A    Analogue transfer from media
      /DD   DDD
      /AD   ADD
      /AA   AAD

    LD     Laserdisc

    TT     Turntable records
      /33    33.33 rpm
      /45    45 rpm
      /71    71.29 rpm
      /76    76.59 rpm
      /78    78.26 rpm
      /80    80 rpm

    MD     MiniDisc
      /A    Analogue transfer from media

    DAT    DAT
      /A    Analogue transfer from media
      /1    standard, 48 kHz/16 bits, linear
      /2    mode 2, 32 kHz/16 bits, linear
      /3    mode 3, 32 kHz/12 bits, non-linear, low speed
      /4    mode 4, 32 kHz/12 bits, 4 channels
      /5    mode 5, 44.1 kHz/16 bits, linear
      /6    mode 6, 44.1 kHz/16 bits, 'wide track' play

    DCC    DCC
      /A    Analogue transfer from media

    DVD    DVD
      /A    Analogue transfer from media

    TV     Television
      /PAL    PAL
      /NTSC   NTSC
      /SECAM  SECAM

    VID    Video
      /PAL    PAL
      /NTSC   NTSC
      /SECAM  SECAM
      /VHS    VHS
      /SVHS   S-VHS
      /BETA   BETAMAX

    RAD    Radio
      /FM   FM
      /AM   AM
      /LW   LW
      /MW   MW

    TEL    Telephone
      /I    ISDN

    MC     MC (normal cassette)
      /4    4.75 cm/s (normal speed for a two sided cassette)
      /9    9.5 cm/s
      /I    Type I cassette (ferric/normal)
      /II   Type II cassette (chrome)
      /III  Type III cassette (ferric chrome)
      /IV   Type IV cassette (metal)

    REE    Reel
      /9    9.5 cm/s
      /19   19 cm/s
      /38   38 cm/s
      /76   76 cm/s
      /I    Type I cassette (ferric/normal)
      /II   Type II cassette (chrome)
      /III  Type III cassette (ferric chrome)
      /IV   Type IV cassette (metal)

  TMOO
   The 'Mood' frame is intended to reflect the mood of the audio with a
   few keywords, e.g. "Romantic" or "Sad".


4.2.4.   Rights and license frames

  TCOP
   The 'Copyright message' frame, in which the string must begin with a
   year and a space character (making five characters), is intended for
   the copyright holder of the original sound, not the audio file
   itself. The absence of this frame means only that the copyright
   information is unavailable or has been removed, and must not be
   interpreted to mean that the audio is public domain. Every time this
   field is displayed the field must be preceded with "Copyright " (C) "
   ", where (C) is one character showing a C in a circle.

  TPRO
   The 'Produced notice' frame, in which the string must begin with a
   year and a space character (making five characters), is intended for
   the production copyright holder of the original sound, not the audio
   file itself. The absence of this frame means only that the production
   copyright information is unavailable or has been removed, and must
   not be interpreted to mean that the audio is public domain. Every
   time this field is displayed the field must be preceded with
   "Produced " (P) " ", where (P) is one character showing a P in a
   circle.

  TPUB
   The 'Publisher' frame simply contains the name of the label or
   publisher.

  TOWN
   The 'File owner/licensee' frame contains the name of the owner or
   licensee of the file and it's contents.

  TRSN
   The 'Internet radio station name' frame contains the name of the
   internet radio station from which the audio is streamed.

  TRSO
   The 'Internet radio station owner' frame contains the name of the
   owner of the internet radio station from which the audio is
   streamed.

4.2.5.   Other text frames

  TOFN
   The 'Original filename' frame contains the preferred filename for the
   file, since some media doesn't allow the desired length of the
   filename. The filename is case sensitive and includes its suffix.

  TDLY
   The 'Playlist delay' defines the numbers of milliseconds of silence
   that should be inserted before this audio. The value zero indicates
   that this is a part of a multifile audio track that should be played
   continuously.

  TDEN
   The 'Encoding time' frame contains a timestamp describing when the
   audio was encoded. Timestamp format is described in the ID3v2
   structure document [ID3v2-strct].

  TDOR
   The 'Original release time' frame contains a timestamp describing
   when the original recording of the audio was released. Timestamp
   format is described in the ID3v2 structure document [ID3v2-strct].

  TDRC
   The 'Recording time' frame contains a timestamp describing when the
   audio was recorded. Timestamp format is described in the ID3v2
   structure document [ID3v2-strct].

  TDRL
   The 'Release time' frame contains a timestamp describing when the
   audio was first released. Timestamp format is described in the ID3v2
   structure document [ID3v2-strct].

  TDTG
   The 'Tagging time' frame contains a timestamp describing then the
   audio was tagged. Timestamp format is described in the ID3v2
   structure document [ID3v2-strct].

  TSSE
   The 'Software/Hardware and settings used for encoding' frame
   includes the used audio encoder and its settings when the file was
   encoded. Hardware refers to hardware encoders, not the computer on
   which a program was run.

  TSOA
   The 'Album sort order' frame defines a string which should be used
   instead of the album name (TALB) for sorting purposes. E.g. an album
   named "A Soundtrack" might preferably be sorted as "Soundtrack".

  TSOP
   The 'Performer sort order' frame defines a string which should be
   used instead of the performer (TPE2) for sorting purposes.

  TSOT
   The 'Title sort order' frame defines a string which should be used
   instead of the title (TIT2) for sorting purposes.


4.2.6.   User defined text information frame

   This frame is intended for one-string text information concerning the
   audio file in a similar way to the other "T"-frames. The frame body
   consists of a description of the string, represented as a terminated
   string, followed by the actual string. There may be more than one
   "TXXX" frame in each tag, but only one with the same description.

     <Header for 'User defined text information frame', ID: "TXXX">
     Text encoding     $xx
     Description       <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Value             <text string according to encoding>


4.3.   URL link frames

   With these frames dynamic data such as webpages with touring
   information, price information or plain ordinary news can be added to
   the tag. There may only be one URL [URL] link frame of its kind in an
   tag, except when stated otherwise in the frame description. If the
   text string is followed by a string termination, all the following
   information should be ignored and not be displayed. All URL link
   frame identifiers begins with "W". Only URL link frame identifiers
   begins with "W", except for "WXXX". All URL link frames have the
   following format:

     <Header for 'URL link frame', ID: "W000" - "WZZZ", excluding "WXXX"
     described in 4.3.2.>
     URL              <text string>


4.3.1.   URL link frames - details

  WCOM
   The 'Commercial information' frame is a URL pointing at a webpage
   with information such as where the album can be bought. There may be
   more than one "WCOM" frame in a tag, but not with the same content.

  WCOP
   The 'Copyright/Legal information' frame is a URL pointing at a
   webpage where the terms of use and ownership of the file is
   described.

  WOAF
   The 'Official audio file webpage' frame is a URL pointing at a file
   specific webpage.

  WOAR
   The 'Official artist/performer webpage' frame is a URL pointing at
   the artists official webpage. There may be more than one "WOAR" frame
   in a tag if the audio contains more than one performer, but not with
   the same content.

  WOAS
   The 'Official audio source webpage' frame is a URL pointing at the
   official webpage for the source of the audio file, e.g. a movie.

  WORS
   The 'Official Internet radio station homepage' contains a URL
   pointing at the homepage of the internet radio station.

  WPAY
   The 'Payment' frame is a URL pointing at a webpage that will handle
   the process of paying for this file.

  WPUB
   The 'Publishers official webpage' frame is a URL pointing at the
   official webpage for the publisher.


4.3.2.   User defined URL link frame

   This frame is intended for URL [URL] links concerning the audio file
   in a similar way to the other "W"-frames. The frame body consists
   of a description of the string, represented as a terminated string,
   followed by the actual URL. The URL is always encoded with ISO-8859-1
   [ISO-8859-1]. There may be more than one "WXXX" frame in each tag,
   but only one with the same description.

     <Header for 'User defined URL link frame', ID: "WXXX">
     Text encoding     $xx
     Description       <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     URL               <text string>


4.4.   Music CD identifier

   This frame is intended for music that comes from a CD, so that the CD
   can be identified in databases such as the CDDB [CDDB]. The frame
   consists of a binary dump of the Table Of Contents, TOC, from the CD,
   which is a header of 4 bytes and then 8 bytes/track on the CD plus 8
   bytes for the 'lead out', making a maximum of 804 bytes. The offset
   to the beginning of every track on the CD should be described with a
   four bytes absolute CD-frame address per track, and not with absolute
   time. When this frame is used the presence of a valid "TRCK" frame is
   REQUIRED, even if the CD's only got one track. It is recommended that
   this frame is always added to tags originating from CDs. There may
   only be one "MCDI" frame in each tag.

     <Header for 'Music CD identifier', ID: "MCDI">
     CD TOC                <binary data>


4.5.   Event timing codes

   This frame allows synchronisation with key events in the audio. The
   header is:

     <Header for 'Event timing codes', ID: "ETCO">
     Time stamp format    $xx

   Where time stamp format is:

     $01  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using MPEG [MPEG] frames as unit
     $02  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using milliseconds as unit

   Absolute time means that every stamp contains the time from the
   beginning of the file.

   Followed by a list of key events in the following format:

     Type of event   $xx
     Time stamp      $xx (xx ...)

   The 'Time stamp' is set to zero if directly at the beginning of the
   sound or after the previous event. All events MUST be sorted in
   chronological order. The type of event is as follows:

     $00  padding (has no meaning)
     $01  end of initial silence
     $02  intro start
     $03  main part start
     $04  outro start
     $05  outro end
     $06  verse start
     $07  refrain start
     $08  interlude start
     $09  theme start
     $0A  variation start
     $0B  key change
     $0C  time change
     $0D  momentary unwanted noise (Snap, Crackle & Pop)
     $0E  sustained noise
     $0F  sustained noise end
     $10  intro end
     $11  main part end
     $12  verse end
     $13  refrain end
     $14  theme end
     $15  profanity
     $16  profanity end

     $17-$DF  reserved for future use

     $E0-$EF  not predefined synch 0-F

     $F0-$FC  reserved for future use

     $FD  audio end (start of silence)
     $FE  audio file ends
     $FF  one more byte of events follows (all the following bytes with
          the value $FF have the same function)

   Terminating the start events such as "intro start" is OPTIONAL. The
   'Not predefined synch's ($E0-EF) are for user events. You might want
   to synchronise your music to something, like setting off an explosion
   on-stage, activating a screensaver etc.

   There may only be one "ETCO" frame in each tag.


4.6.   MPEG location lookup table

   To increase performance and accuracy of jumps within a MPEG [MPEG]
   audio file, frames with time codes in different locations in the file
   might be useful. This ID3v2 frame includes references that the
   software can use to calculate positions in the file. After the frame
   header follows a descriptor of how much the 'frame counter' should be
   increased for every reference. If this value is two then the first
   reference points out the second frame, the 2nd reference the 4th
   frame, the 3rd reference the 6th frame etc. In a similar way the
   'bytes between reference' and 'milliseconds between reference' points
   out bytes and milliseconds respectively.

   Each reference consists of two parts; a certain number of bits, as
   defined in 'bits for bytes deviation', that describes the difference
   between what is said in 'bytes between reference' and the reality and
   a certain number of bits, as defined in 'bits for milliseconds
   deviation', that describes the difference between what is said in
   'milliseconds between reference' and the reality. The number of bits
   in every reference, i.e. 'bits for bytes deviation'+'bits for
   milliseconds deviation', must be a multiple of four. There may only
   be one "MLLT" frame in each tag.

     <Header for 'Location lookup table', ID: "MLLT">
     MPEG frames between reference  $xx xx
     Bytes between reference        $xx xx xx
     Milliseconds between reference $xx xx xx
     Bits for bytes deviation       $xx
     Bits for milliseconds dev.     $xx

   Then for every reference the following data is included;

     Deviation in bytes         %xxx....
     Deviation in milliseconds  %xxx....


4.7.   Synchronised tempo codes

   For a more accurate description of the tempo of a musical piece, this
   frame might be used. After the header follows one byte describing
   which time stamp format should be used. Then follows one or more
   tempo codes. Each tempo code consists of one tempo part and one time
   part. The tempo is in BPM described with one or two bytes. If the
   first byte has the value $FF, one more byte follows, which is added
   to the first giving a range from 2 - 510 BPM, since $00 and $01 is
   reserved. $00 is used to describe a beat-free time period, which is
   not the same as a music-free time period. $01 is used to indicate one
   single beat-stroke followed by a beat-free period.

   The tempo descriptor is followed by a time stamp. Every time the
   tempo in the music changes, a tempo descriptor may indicate this for
   the player. All tempo descriptors MUST be sorted in chronological
   order. The first beat-stroke in a time-period is at the same time as
   the beat description occurs. There may only be one "SYTC" frame in
   each tag.

     <Header for 'Synchronised tempo codes', ID: "SYTC">
     Time stamp format   $xx
     Tempo data          <binary data>

   Where time stamp format is:

     $01  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using MPEG [MPEG] frames as unit
     $02  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using milliseconds as unit

   Absolute time means that every stamp contains the time from the
   beginning of the file.


4.8.   Unsynchronised lyrics/text transcription

   This frame contains the lyrics of the song or a text transcription of
   other vocal activities. The head includes an encoding descriptor and
   a content descriptor. The body consists of the actual text. The
   'Content descriptor' is a terminated string. If no descriptor is
   entered, 'Content descriptor' is $00 (00) only. Newline characters
   are allowed in the text. There may be more than one 'Unsynchronised
   lyrics/text transcription' frame in each tag, but only one with the
   same language and content descriptor.

     <Header for 'Unsynchronised lyrics/text transcription', ID: "USLT">
     Text encoding        $xx
     Language             $xx xx xx
     Content descriptor   <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Lyrics/text          <full text string according to encoding>


4.9.   Synchronised lyrics/text

   This is another way of incorporating the words, said or sung lyrics,
   in the audio file as text, this time, however, in sync with the
   audio. It might also be used to describing events e.g. occurring on a
   stage or on the screen in sync with the audio. The header includes a
   content descriptor, represented with as terminated text string. If no
   descriptor is entered, 'Content descriptor' is $00 (00) only.

     <Header for 'Synchronised lyrics/text', ID: "SYLT">
     Text encoding        $xx
     Language             $xx xx xx
     Time stamp format    $xx
     Content type         $xx
     Content descriptor   <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)

   Content type:   $00 is other
                   $01 is lyrics
                   $02 is text transcription
                   $03 is movement/part name (e.g. "Adagio")
                   $04 is events (e.g. "Don Quijote enters the stage")
                   $05 is chord (e.g. "Bb F Fsus")
                   $06 is trivia/'pop up' information
                   $07 is URLs to webpages
                   $08 is URLs to images

   Time stamp format:

     $01  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using MPEG [MPEG] frames as unit
     $02  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using milliseconds as unit

   Absolute time means that every stamp contains the time from the
   beginning of the file.

   The text that follows the frame header differs from that of the
   unsynchronised lyrics/text transcription in one major way. Each
   syllable (or whatever size of text is considered to be convenient by
   the encoder) is a null terminated string followed by a time stamp
   denoting where in the sound file it belongs. Each sync thus has the
   following structure:

     Terminated text to be synced (typically a syllable)
     Sync identifier (terminator to above string)   $00 (00)
     Time stamp                                     $xx (xx ...)

   The 'time stamp' is set to zero or the whole sync is omitted if
   located directly at the beginning of the sound. All time stamps
   should be sorted in chronological order. The sync can be considered
   as a validator of the subsequent string.

   Newline characters are allowed in all "SYLT" frames and MUST be used
   after every entry (name, event etc.) in a frame with the content type
   $03 - $04.

   A few considerations regarding whitespace characters: Whitespace
   separating words should mark the beginning of a new word, thus
   occurring in front of the first syllable of a new word. This is also
   valid for new line characters. A syllable followed by a comma should
   not be broken apart with a sync (both the syllable and the comma
   should be before the sync).

   An example: The "USLT" passage

     "Strangers in the night" $0A "Exchanging glances"

   would be "SYLT" encoded as:

     "Strang" $00 xx xx "ers" $00 xx xx " in" $00 xx xx " the" $00 xx xx
     " night" $00 xx xx 0A "Ex" $00 xx xx "chang" $00 xx xx "ing" $00 xx
     xx "glan" $00 xx xx "ces" $00 xx xx

   There may be more than one "SYLT" frame in each tag, but only one
   with the same language and content descriptor.


4.10.   Comments

   This frame is intended for any kind of full text information that
   does not fit in any other frame. It consists of a frame header
   followed by encoding, language and content descriptors and is ended
   with the actual comment as a text string. Newline characters are
   allowed in the comment text string. There may be more than one
   comment frame in each tag, but only one with the same language and
   content descriptor.

     <Header for 'Comment', ID: "COMM">
     Text encoding          $xx
     Language               $xx xx xx
     Short content descrip. <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     The actual text        <full text string according to encoding>


4.11.   Relative volume adjustment (2)

   This is a more subjective frame than the previous ones. It allows the
   user to say how much he wants to increase/decrease the volume on each
   channel when the file is played. The purpose is to be able to align
   all files to a reference volume, so that you don't have to change the
   volume constantly. This frame may also be used to balance adjust the
   audio. The volume adjustment is encoded as a fixed point decibel
   value, 16 bit signed integer representing (adjustment*512), giving
   +/- 64 dB with a precision of 0.001953125 dB. E.g. +2 dB is stored as
   $04 00 and -2 dB is $FC 00. There may be more than one "RVA2" frame
   in each tag, but only one with the same identification string.

     <Header for 'Relative volume adjustment (2)', ID: "RVA2">
     Identification          <text string> $00

   The 'identification' string is used to identify the situation and/or
   device where this adjustment should apply. The following is then
   repeated for every channel

     Type of channel         $xx
     Volume adjustment       $xx xx
     Bits representing peak  $xx
     Peak volume             $xx (xx ...)


   Type of channel:  $00  Other
                     $01  Master volume
                     $02  Front right
                     $03  Front left
                     $04  Back right
                     $05  Back left
                     $06  Front centre
                     $07  Back centre
                     $08  Subwoofer

   Bits representing peak can be any number between 0 and 255. 0 means
   that there is no peak volume field. The peak volume field is always
   padded to whole bytes, setting the most significant bits to zero.


4.12.   Equalisation (2)

   This is another subjective, alignment frame. It allows the user to
   predefine an equalisation curve within the audio file. There may be
   more than one "EQU2" frame in each tag, but only one with the same
   identification string.

     <Header of 'Equalisation (2)', ID: "EQU2">
     Interpolation method  $xx
     Identification        <text string> $00

   The 'interpolation method' describes which method is preferred when
   an interpolation between the adjustment point that follows. The
   following methods are currently defined:

     $00  Band
          No interpolation is made. A jump from one adjustment level to
          another occurs in the middle between two adjustment points.
     $01  Linear
          Interpolation between adjustment points is linear.

   The 'identification' string is used to identify the situation and/or
   device where this adjustment should apply. The following is then
   repeated for every adjustment point

     Frequency          $xx xx
     Volume adjustment  $xx xx

   The frequency is stored in units of 1/2 Hz, giving it a range from 0
   to 32767 Hz.

   The volume adjustment is encoded as a fixed point decibel value, 16
   bit signed integer representing (adjustment*512), giving +/- 64 dB
   with a precision of 0.001953125 dB. E.g. +2 dB is stored as $04 00
   and -2 dB is $FC 00.

   Adjustment points should be ordered by frequency and one frequency
   should only be described once in the frame.


4.13.   Reverb

   Yet another subjective frame, with which you can adjust echoes of
   different kinds. Reverb left/right is the delay between every bounce
   in ms. Reverb bounces left/right is the number of bounces that should
   be made. $FF equals an infinite number of bounces. Feedback is the
   amount of volume that should be returned to the next echo bounce. $00
   is 0%, $FF is 100%. If this value were $7F, there would be 50% volume
   reduction on the first bounce, 50% of that on the second and so on.
   Left to left means the sound from the left bounce to be played in the
   left speaker, while left to right means sound from the left bounce to
   be played in the right speaker.

   'Premix left to right' is the amount of left sound to be mixed in the
   right before any reverb is applied, where $00 id 0% and $FF is 100%.
   'Premix right to left' does the same thing, but right to left.
   Setting both premix to $FF would result in a mono output (if the
   reverb is applied symmetric). There may only be one "RVRB" frame in
   each tag.

     <Header for 'Reverb', ID: "RVRB">
     Reverb left (ms)                 $xx xx
     Reverb right (ms)                $xx xx
     Reverb bounces, left             $xx
     Reverb bounces, right            $xx
     Reverb feedback, left to left    $xx
     Reverb feedback, left to right   $xx
     Reverb feedback, right to right  $xx
     Reverb feedback, right to left   $xx
     Premix left to right             $xx
     Premix right to left             $xx


4.14.   Attached picture

   This frame contains a picture directly related to the audio file.
   Image format is the MIME type and subtype [MIME] for the image. In
   the event that the MIME media type name is omitted, "image/" will be
   implied. The "image/png" [PNG] or "image/jpeg" [JFIF] picture format
   should be used when interoperability is wanted. Description is a
   short description of the picture, represented as a terminated
   text string. There may be several pictures attached to one file, each
   in their individual "APIC" frame, but only one with the same content
   descriptor. There may only be one picture with the picture type
   declared as picture type $01 and $02 respectively. There is the
   possibility to put only a link to the image file by using the 'MIME
   type' "-->" and having a complete URL [URL] instead of picture data.
   The use of linked files should however be used sparingly since there
   is the risk of separation of files.

     <Header for 'Attached picture', ID: "APIC">
     Text encoding      $xx
     MIME type          <text string> $00
     Picture type       $xx
     Description        <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Picture data       <binary data>


   Picture type:  $00  Other
                  $01  32x32 pixels 'file icon' (PNG only)
                  $02  Other file icon
                  $03  Cover (front)
                  $04  Cover (back)
                  $05  Leaflet page
                  $06  Media (e.g. label side of CD)
                  $07  Lead artist/lead performer/soloist
                  $08  Artist/performer
                  $09  Conductor
                  $0A  Band/Orchestra
                  $0B  Composer
                  $0C  Lyricist/text writer
                  $0D  Recording Location
                  $0E  During recording
                  $0F  During performance
                  $10  Movie/video screen capture
                  $11  A bright coloured fish
                  $12  Illustration
                  $13  Band/artist logotype
                  $14  Publisher/Studio logotype


4.15.   General encapsulated object

   In this frame any type of file can be encapsulated. After the header,
   'Frame size' and 'Encoding' follows 'MIME type' [MIME] represented as
   as a terminated string encoded with ISO 8859-1 [ISO-8859-1]. The
   filename is case sensitive and is encoded as 'Encoding'. Then follows
   a content description as terminated string, encoded as 'Encoding'.
   The last thing in the frame is the actual object. The first two
   strings may be omitted, leaving only their terminations. MIME type is
   always an ISO-8859-1 text string. There may be more than one "GEOB"
   frame in each tag, but only one with the same content descriptor.

     <Header for 'General encapsulated object', ID: "GEOB">
     Text encoding          $xx
     MIME type              <text string> $00
     Filename               <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Content description    <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Encapsulated object    <binary data>


4.16.   Play counter

   This is simply a counter of the number of times a file has been
   played. The value is increased by one every time the file begins to
   play. There may only be one "PCNT" frame in each tag. When the
   counter reaches all one's, one byte is inserted in front of the
   counter thus making the counter eight bits bigger.  The counter must
   be at least 32-bits long to begin with.

     <Header for 'Play counter', ID: "PCNT">
     Counter        $xx xx xx xx (xx ...)


4.17.   Popularimeter

   The purpose of this frame is to specify how good an audio file is.
   Many interesting applications could be found to this frame such as a
   playlist that features better audio files more often than others or
   it could be used to profile a person's taste and find other 'good'
   files by comparing people's profiles. The frame contains the email
   address to the user, one rating byte and a four byte play counter,
   intended to be increased with one for every time the file is played.
   The email is a terminated string. The rating is 1-255 where 1 is
   worst and 255 is best. 0 is unknown. If no personal counter is wanted
   it may be omitted. When the counter reaches all one's, one byte is
   inserted in front of the counter thus making the counter eight bits
   bigger in the same away as the play counter ("PCNT"). There may be
   more than one "POPM" frame in each tag, but only one with the same
   email address.

     <Header for 'Popularimeter', ID: "POPM">
     Email to user   <text string> $00
     Rating          $xx
     Counter         $xx xx xx xx (xx ...)


4.18.   Recommended buffer size

   Sometimes the server from which an audio file is streamed is aware of
   transmission or coding problems resulting in interruptions in the
   audio stream. In these cases, the size of the buffer can be
   recommended by the server using this frame. If the 'embedded info
   flag' is true (1) then this indicates that an ID3 tag with the
   maximum size described in 'Buffer size' may occur in the audio
   stream. In such case the tag should reside between two MPEG [MPEG]
   frames, if the audio is MPEG encoded. If the position of the next tag
   is known, 'offset to next tag' may be used. The offset is calculated
   from the end of tag in which this frame resides to the first byte of
   the header in the next. This field may be omitted. Embedded tags are
   generally not recommended since this could render unpredictable
   behaviour from present software/hardware.

   For applications like streaming audio it might be an idea to embed
   tags into the audio stream though. If the clients connects to
   individual connections like HTTP and there is a possibility to begin
   every transmission with a tag, then this tag should include a
   'recommended buffer size' frame. If the client is connected to a
   arbitrary point in the stream, such as radio or multicast, then the
   'recommended buffer size' frame SHOULD be included in every tag.

   The 'Buffer size' should be kept to a minimum. There may only be one
   "RBUF" frame in each tag.

     <Header for 'Recommended buffer size', ID: "RBUF">
     Buffer size               $xx xx xx
     Embedded info flag        %0000000x
     Offset to next tag        $xx xx xx xx


4.19.   Audio encryption

   This frame indicates if the actual audio stream is encrypted, and by
   whom. Since standardisation of such encryption scheme is beyond this
   document, all "AENC" frames begin with a terminated string with a
   URL containing an email address, or a link to a location where an
   email address can be found, that belongs to the organisation
   responsible for this specific encrypted audio file. Questions
   regarding the encrypted audio should be sent to the email address
   specified. If a $00 is found directly after the 'Frame size' and the
   audio file indeed is encrypted, the whole file may be considered
   useless.

   After the 'Owner identifier', a pointer to an unencrypted part of the
   audio can be specified. The 'Preview start' and 'Preview length' is
   described in frames. If no part is unencrypted, these fields should
   be left zeroed. After the 'preview length' field follows optionally a
   data block required for decryption of the audio. There may be more
   than one "AENC" frames in a tag, but only one with the same 'Owner
   identifier'.

     <Header for 'Audio encryption', ID: "AENC">
     Owner identifier   <text string> $00
     Preview start      $xx xx
     Preview length     $xx xx
     Encryption info    <binary data>


4.20.   Linked information

   To keep information duplication as low as possible this frame may be
   used to link information from another ID3v2 tag that might reside in
   another audio file or alone in a binary file. It is RECOMMENDED that
   this method is only used when the files are stored on a CD-ROM or
   other circumstances when the risk of file separation is low. The
   frame contains a frame identifier, which is the frame that should be
   linked into this tag, a URL [URL] field, where a reference to the
   file where the frame is given, and additional ID data, if needed.
   Data should be retrieved from the first tag found in the file to
   which this link points. There may be more than one "LINK" frame in a
   tag, but only one with the same contents. A linked frame is to be
   considered as part of the tag and has the same restrictions as if it
   was a physical part of the tag (i.e. only one "RVRB" frame allowed,
   whether it's linked or not).

     <Header for 'Linked information', ID: "LINK">
     Frame identifier        $xx xx xx xx
     URL                     <text string> $00
     ID and additional data  <text string(s)>

   Frames that may be linked and need no additional data are "ASPI",
   "ETCO", "EQU2", "MCID", "MLLT", "OWNE", "RVA2", "RVRB", "SYTC", the
   text information frames and the URL link frames.

   The "AENC", "APIC", "GEOB" and "TXXX" frames may be linked with
   the content descriptor as additional ID data.

   The "USER" frame may be linked with the language field as additional
   ID data.
   
   The "PRIV" frame may be linked with the owner identifier as
   additional ID data.

   The "COMM", "SYLT" and "USLT" frames may be linked with three bytes
   of language descriptor directly followed by a content descriptor as
   additional ID data.


4.21.   Position synchronisation frame

   This frame delivers information to the listener of how far into the
   audio stream he picked up; in effect, it states the time offset from
   the first frame in the stream. The frame layout is:

     <Head for 'Position synchronisation', ID: "POSS">
     Time stamp format         $xx
     Position                  $xx (xx ...)

   Where time stamp format is:

     $01  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using MPEG frames as unit
     $02  Absolute time, 32 bit sized, using milliseconds as unit

   and position is where in the audio the listener starts to receive,
   i.e. the beginning of the next frame. If this frame is used in the
   beginning of a file the value is always 0. There may only be one
   "POSS" frame in each tag.


4.22.   Terms of use frame

   This frame contains a brief description of the terms of use and
   ownership of the file. More detailed information concerning the legal
   terms might be available through the "WCOP" frame. Newlines are
   allowed in the text. There may be more than one 'Terms of use' frame
   in a tag, but only one with the same 'Language'.

     <Header for 'Terms of use frame', ID: "USER">
     Text encoding        $xx
     Language             $xx xx xx
     The actual text      <text string according to encoding>


4.23.   Ownership frame

   The ownership frame might be used as a reminder of a made transaction
   or, if signed, as proof. Note that the "USER" and "TOWN" frames are
   good to use in conjunction with this one. The frame begins, after the
   frame ID, size and encoding fields, with a 'price paid' field. The
   first three characters of this field contains the currency used for
   the transaction, encoded according to ISO 4217 [ISO-4217] alphabetic
   currency code. Concatenated to this is the actual price paid, as a
   numerical string using "." as the decimal separator. Next is an 8
   character date string (YYYYMMDD) followed by a string with the name
   of the seller as the last field in the frame. There may only be one
   "OWNE" frame in a tag.

     <Header for 'Ownership frame', ID: "OWNE">
     Text encoding     $xx
     Price paid        <text string> $00
     Date of purch.    <text string>
     Seller            <text string according to encoding>


4.24.   Commercial frame

   This frame enables several competing offers in the same tag by
   bundling all needed information. That makes this frame rather complex
   but it's an easier solution than if one tries to achieve the same
   result with several frames. The frame begins, after the frame ID,
   size and encoding fields, with a price string field. A price is
   constructed by one three character currency code, encoded according
   to ISO 4217 [ISO-4217] alphabetic currency code, followed by a
   numerical value where "." is used as decimal separator. In the price
   string several prices may be concatenated, separated by a "/"
   character, but there may only be one currency of each type.

   The price string is followed by an 8 character date string in the
   format YYYYMMDD, describing for how long the price is valid. After
   that is a contact URL, with which the user can contact the seller,
   followed by a one byte 'received as' field. It describes how the
   audio is delivered when bought according to the following list:

        $00  Other
        $01  Standard CD album with other songs
        $02  Compressed audio on CD
        $03  File over the Internet
        $04  Stream over the Internet
        $05  As note sheets
        $06  As note sheets in a book with other sheets
        $07  Music on other media
        $08  Non-musical merchandise

   Next follows a terminated string with the name of the seller followed
   by a terminated string with a short description of the product. The
   last thing is the ability to include a company logotype. The first of
   them is the 'Picture MIME type' field containing information about
   which picture format is used. In the event that the MIME media type
   name is omitted, "image/" will be implied. Currently only "image/png"
   and "image/jpeg" are allowed. This format string is followed by the
   binary picture data. This two last fields may be omitted if no
   picture is attached. There may be more than one 'commercial frame' in
   a tag, but no two may be identical.

     <Header for 'Commercial frame', ID: "COMR">
     Text encoding      $xx
     Price string       <text string> $00
     Valid until        <text string>
     Contact URL        <text string> $00
     Received as        $xx
     Name of seller     <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Description        <text string according to encoding> $00 (00)
     Picture MIME type  <string> $00
     Seller logo        <binary data>


4.25.   Encryption method registration

   To identify with which method a frame has been encrypted the
   encryption method must be registered in the tag with this frame. The
   'Owner identifier' is a null-terminated string with a URL [URL]
   containing an email address, or a link to a location where an email
   address can be found, that belongs to the organisation responsible
   for this specific encryption method. Questions regarding the
   encryption method should be sent to the indicated email address. The
   'Method symbol' contains a value that is associated with this method
   throughout the whole tag, in the range $80-F0. All other values are
   reserved. The 'Method symbol' may optionally be followed by
   encryption specific data. There may be several "ENCR" frames in a tag
   but only one containing the same symbol and only one containing the
   same owner identifier. The method must be used somewhere in the tag.
   See the description of the frame encryption flag in the ID3v2
   structure document [ID3v2-strct] for more information.

     <Header for 'Encryption method registration', ID: "ENCR">
     Owner identifier    <text string> $00
     Method symbol       $xx
     Encryption data     <binary data>


4.26.   Group identification registration

   This frame enables grouping of otherwise unrelated frames. This can
   be used when some frames are to be signed. To identify which frames
   belongs to a set of frames a group identifier must be registered in
   the tag with this frame. The 'Owner identifier' is a null-terminated
   string with a URL [URL] containing an email address, or a link to a
   location where an email address can be found, that belongs to the
   organisation responsible for this grouping. Questions regarding the
   grouping should be sent to the indicated email address. The 'Group
   symbol' contains a value that associates the frame with this group
   throughout the whole tag, in the range $80-F0. All other values are
   reserved. The 'Group symbol' may optionally be followed by some group
   specific data, e.g. a digital signature. There may be several "GRID"
   frames in a tag but only one containing the same symbol and only one
   containing the same owner identifier. The group symbol must be used
   somewhere in the tag. See the description of the frame grouping flag
   in the ID3v2 structure document [ID3v2-strct] for more information.

     <Header for 'Group ID registration', ID: "GRID">
     Owner identifier      <text string> $00
     Group symbol          $xx
     Group dependent data  <binary data>


4.27.   Private frame

   This frame is used to contain information from a software producer
   that its program uses and does not fit into the other frames. The
   frame consists of an 'Owner identifier' string and the binary data.
   The 'Owner identifier' is a null-terminated string with a URL [URL]
   containing an email address, or a link to a location where an email
   address can be found, that belongs to the organisation responsible
   for the frame. Questions regarding the frame should be sent to the
   indicated email address. The tag may contain more than one "PRIV"
   frame but only with different contents.

     <Header for 'Private frame', ID: "PRIV">
     Owner identifier      <text string> $00
     The private data      <binary data>


4.28.   Signature frame

   This frame enables a group of frames, grouped with the 'Group
   identification registration', to be signed. Although signatures can
   reside inside the registration frame, it might be desired to store
   the signature elsewhere, e.g. in watermarks. There may be more than
   one 'signature frame' in a tag, but no two may be identical.

     <Header for 'Signature frame', ID: "SIGN">
     Group symbol      $xx
     Signature         <binary data>


4.29.   Seek frame

   This frame indicates where other tags in a file/stream can be found.
   The 'minimum offset to next tag' is calculated from the end of this
   tag to the beginning of the next. There may only be one 'seek frame'
   in a tag.

   <Header for 'Seek frame', ID: "SEEK">
   Minimum offset to next tag       $xx xx xx xx


4.30.   Audio seek point index

   Audio files with variable bit rates are intrinsically difficult to
   deal with in the case of seeking within the file. The ASPI frame
   makes seeking easier by providing a list a seek points within the
   audio file. The seek points are a fractional offset within the audio
   data, providing a starting point from which to find an appropriate
   point to start decoding. The presence of an ASPI frame requires the
   existence of a TLEN frame, indicating the duration of the file in
   milliseconds. There may only be one 'audio seek point index' frame in
   a tag.

     <Header for 'Seek Point Index', ID: "ASPI">
     Indexed data start (S)         $xx xx xx xx
     Indexed data length (L)        $xx xx xx xx
     Number of index points (N)     $xx xx
     Bits per index point (b)       $xx

   Then for every index point the following data is included;

     Fraction at index (Fi)          $xx (xx)

   'Indexed data start' is a byte offset from the beginning of the file.
   'Indexed data length' is the byte length of the audio data being
   indexed. 'Number of index points' is the number of index points, as
   the name implies. The recommended number is 100. 'Bits per index
   point' is 8 or 16, depending on the chosen precision. 8 bits works
   well for short files (less than 5 minutes of audio), while 16 bits is
   advantageous for long files. 'Fraction at index' is the numerator of
   the fraction representing a relative position in the data. The
   denominator is 2 to the power of b.

   Here are the algorithms to be used in the calculation. The known data
   must be the offset of the start of the indexed data (S), the offset
   of the end of the indexed data (E), the number of index points (N),
   the offset at index i (Oi). We calculate the fraction at index i
   (Fi).

   Oi is the offset of the frame whose start is soonest after the point
   for which the time offset is (i/N * duration).

   The frame data should be calculated as follows:

     Fi = Oi/L * 2^b    (rounded down to the nearest integer)

   Offset calculation should be calculated as follows from data in the
   frame:

     Oi = (Fi/2^b)*L    (rounded up to the nearest integer)


5.  Copyright

   Copyright (C) Martin Nilsson 2000. All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that a reference to this document is included on all
   such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may
   not be modified in any way and reissued as the original document.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE AUTHORS DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR
   IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF
   THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


6.   References

   [CDDB] Compact Disc Data Base

      <url:http://www.cddb.com>

   [ID3v2.3.0] Martin Nilsson, "ID3v2 informal standard".

      <url:http://www.id3.org/id3v2.3.0.txt>

   [ID3v2-strct] Martin Nilsson,
   "ID3 tag version 2.4.0 - Main Structure"
   
      <url:http//www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-structure.txt>

   [ISO-639-2] ISO/FDIS 639-2.
   Codes for the representation of names of languages, Part 2: Alpha-3
   code. Technical committee / subcommittee: TC 37 / SC 2

   [ISO-4217] ISO 4217:1995.
   Codes for the representation of currencies and funds.
   Technical committee / subcommittee: TC 68

   [ISO-8859-1] ISO/IEC DIS 8859-1.
   8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 1: Latin
   alphabet No. 1. Technical committee / subcommittee: JTC 1 / SC 2

   [ISRC] ISO 3901:1986
   International Standard Recording Code (ISRC).
   Technical committee / subcommittee: TC 46 / SC 9

   [JFIF] JPEG File Interchange Format, version 1.02

      <url:http://www.w3.org/Graphics/JPEG/jfif.txt>

   [KEYWORDS] S. Bradner, 'Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
   Requirement Levels', RFC 2119, March 1997.

      <url:ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc2119.txt>

   [MIME] Freed, N.  and N. Borenstein,  "Multipurpose Internet Mail
   Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies",
   RFC 2045, November 1996.

      <url:ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc2045.txt>

   [MPEG] ISO/IEC 11172-3:1993.
   Coding of moving pictures and associated audio for digital storage
   media at up to about 1,5 Mbit/s, Part 3: Audio.
   Technical committee / subcommittee: JTC 1 / SC 29
    and
   ISO/IEC 13818-3:1995
   Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information,
   Part 3: Audio.
   Technical committee / subcommittee: JTC 1 / SC 29
    and
   ISO/IEC DIS 13818-3
   Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information,
   Part 3: Audio (Revision of ISO/IEC 13818-3:1995)


   [PNG] Portable Network Graphics, version 1.0

      <url:http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-png-multi.html>

   [URL] T. Berners-Lee, L. Masinter & M. McCahill, "Uniform Resource
   Locators (URL).", RFC 1738, December 1994.

      <url:ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc1738.txt>

   [ZLIB] P. Deutsch, Aladdin Enterprises & J-L. Gailly, "ZLIB
   Compressed
   Data Format Specification version 3.3", RFC 1950, May 1996.

      <url:ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc1950.txt>


7.   Appendix


A.   Appendix A - Genre List from ID3v1

   The following genres is defined in ID3v1

      0.Blues
      1.Classic Rock
      2.Country
      3.Dance
      4.Disco
      5.Funk
      6.Grunge
      7.Hip-Hop
      8.Jazz
      9.Metal
     10.New Age
     11.Oldies
     12.Other
     13.Pop
     14.R&B
     15.Rap
     16.Reggae
     17.Rock
     18.Techno
     19.Industrial
     20.Alternative
     21.Ska
     22.Death Metal
     23.Pranks
     24.Soundtrack
     25.Euro-Techno
     26.Ambient
     27.Trip-Hop
     28.Vocal
     29.Jazz+Funk
     30.Fusion
     31.Trance
     32.Classical
     33.Instrumental
     34.Acid
     35.House
     36.Game
     37.Sound Clip
     38.Gospel
     39.Noise
     40.AlternRock
     41.Bass
     42.Soul
     43.Punk
     44.Space
     45.Meditative
     46.Instrumental Pop
     47.Instrumental Rock
     48.Ethnic
     49.Gothic
     50.Darkwave
     51.Techno-Industrial
     52.Electronic
     53.Pop-Folk
     54.Eurodance
     55.Dream
     56.Southern Rock
     57.Comedy
     58.Cult
     59.Gangsta
     60.Top 40
     61.Christian Rap
     62.Pop/Funk
     63.Jungle
     64.Native American
     65.Cabaret
     66.New Wave
     67.Psychadelic
     68.Rave
     69.Showtunes
     70.Trailer
     71.Lo-Fi
     72.Tribal
     73.Acid Punk
     74.Acid Jazz
     75.Polka
     76.Retro
     77.Musical
     78.Rock & Roll
     79.Hard Rock


8.   Author's Address

   Written by

     Martin Nilsson
     Rydsv�gen 246 C. 30
     SE-584 34 Link�ping
     Sweden

     Email: nilsson at id3.org

id3v2.4.0-frames (last edited 2012-10-08 22:15:39 by localhost)

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